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How to Structure an Outline for Compare and Contrast Essay with Examples

When it comes to writing research papers, essays, or any other college assignments, prior emphasis should be put on creating a perfect outline. Even while you are trying to compose an outline for a compare and contrast essay, it will help in making your writing process more focused and smooth. Not just that it also saves your time and helps you in avoiding any important points that you should mention in your essay to create an impact on the readers.

So, if you want to come up with a comprehensive essay, then first and foremost you need to create an outline for compare and contrast essay. In case, you are not aware of the writing process, then go through this blog to get an idea on how to write an essay outline that stands out from the rest.

How to Compose Outline for a Compare and Contrast Essay?

Creating an excellent essay definitely depends upon the structuring of a perfect essay outline. So, you must always bear in mind that whatever be your essay format, it should serve its ultimate objective and purpose.

When it comes to creating a good outline for compare and contrast essay, depending upon the organization, there are two different methods.

  • Point-by-Point Pattern
  • Block Pattern

Point-by-Point Pattern (Organization on the basis of criteria)

When you are comparing two or more subjects or items that are more or less similar, then the structural format of the essay can be written following the point-by-point pattern. While making a comparison or pointing out the contrasting elements, when a few criteria or characteristics are evaluated, then also this structural pattern can be used. 

Here the essay structure of an outline for compare and contrast essay following the point-by-point method is provided.


  • Introduce the main topic
  • Specific topics or subjects, items to be compared and contrasted
  • Thesis statement

Paragraph 1

  • Topic sentence 1
  • Subject 1: Detail 1, Detail 2…
  • Subject 2: Detail 1, Detail 2…

Paragraph 2

  • Topic sentence 2
  • Subject 1: Detail 1, Detail 2…
  • Subject 2: Detail 1, Detail 2…

Paragraph 3

  • Topic sentence 3
  • Subject 1: Detail 1, Detail 2…
  • Subject 2: Detail 1, Detail 2…


  • Summarize the topic
  • Clearly state the importance of the subject
  • A concise evaluation of future developments

Block Pattern (Organization on the basis of items)

When there arises a situation where you need to compare topics or items that are completely different from each other and that involves multiple criteria, then you should utilize the block structural pattern for writing the outline for compare and contrast essay. In this format, individual paragraphs should be used for discussing each point of comparison. Thus, you will have separate sections for addressing the differences and similarities.

This is how the essay structure of a compare and contrast essay following the block pattern would look like:


  • Describe the topic
  • Mention the events as well as the subjects to be compared and contrasted
  • Thesis Statement

Paragraph 1

  • Item A
  • Point 1
  • Point 2
  • Point 3….

Paragraph 2

  • Item B
  • Point 1
  • Point 2
  • Point 3….

Paragraph 3

  • Item C
  • Point 1
  • Point 2
  • Point 3….


  • Sum up the topic in short
  • Clearly state the objective of the topic
  • Provide appropriate solution as and when needed

You can easily follow any of these two patterns for composing a great compare and contrast essay outline. If you face any issues while following any patterns, then don’t get tensed. Ask our PenMyPaper professionals to write an essay for me. They are experts in writing different types of essays and on different topics.

How to Write an Outline for a Compare and Contrast Essay?

While writing an outline of a compare and contrast essay, it is important that you follow a proper essay format. That is to say, the organization of the body paragraphs should be proper otherwise, the essay might lose its importance.

So, here is the overall writing pattern of a good comprehensive compare and contrast essay.


Like other types of essays, this essay introduction also features the main idea. Here we introduce the topics or subjects that we are going to consider for comparing and contrasting in the rest part of the essay. The introduction includes the following:

  • Discuss the main topic: First, select your essay topics. The introduction starts with a hook sentence that seems perfectly fit for the subject that you are writing. The hook can be anything like an anecdote, quote, question, and others.
  • Subjects for comparing and contrasting: Here you need to introduce the two subjects or topics that you have chosen for comparing and contrasting. Make sure that the topics of comparison should be under a central theme and it should be written in a sentence or two.
  • Thesis Statement: A specific thesis statement should be mentioned in the last or last second line of the introduction. Make sure that the thesis should not be too long and it must mark the tone of the essay. However, it should be attractive enough to catch the attention of the readers.

Once you have completed writing a catchy introduction, now proceed with the main essay body paragraphs.

Body Paragraphs

The number of body paragraphs in the body section is highly dependable upon the number of criteria or aspects that you need to discuss. It is during the research process that you need to evaluate and determine the number of aspects or criteria to use for your compare and contrast essay. Like if you are discussing two different events then two different paragraphs are needed; similarly, if there are three criteria to be discussed, then it will require three paragraphs.

Now, brainstorm your mind and take a blank piece of paper to start analyzing the different comparing and contrasting elements. You can also use a Venn diagram or simply list down the first item in the left corner and second in the right one and proceed accordingly. When you begin researching on the topic, there are high chances that you will find numerous similarities as well as differences. Therefore, it is recommended not to cover more than three aspects of an essay.

Not only that you need to state your opinions about each of the similarities and differences, but also support each of these opinions by statistics, evidence, official data, etc.


After completed writing the body paragraphs of your essay, now it’s time to conclude your essay. This is another important and interesting part of the essay. Your essay conclusion must contain the following:

  • Sum up of the main ideas: At the very beginning of the conclusion, you should synthesize your thesis and summarize the main ideas that are being discussed in the overall essay.
  • Evaluation: Analyze and evaluate the points being discussed in the paper long with possible solutions. The approach of the essay depends upon the nature of the topic chosen.
  • Importance: At last, you should clarify the significance of the main topic and show the objective behind showing the differences or similarities between them.

Outline for Compare and Contrast Essay Example Using Block Pattern

One of the best methods of learning how to write a perfect essay outline is going through its examples. For your sake of convenience, here our experts at PenMyPaper have provided an outline for compare and contrast essay examples that will be presenting the use of block patterns.


Topic: Summer vs. winter Excursion

Purpose: Discuss the likenesses and differences of summer and winter excursions 

Importance: Explore the two alternatives and get ready to pick the best one 

Thesis Statement: Although both winter and summer excursions are both useful for wellbeing and profitability, during summer get-away, one has more alternatives for outside activities because of more good climatic conditions. However, in comparison to winter, these activities can be far more costly because of the irregularity of tourist spots. 


Mention the similarities between winter and summer excursions. 

1: Summer excursion improves one’s wellbeing and adds to profitability when you are arriving back to work. 

Highlight 1: Improvement of wellbeing (support using facts and evidence from credible sources) 

Highlight 2: Improvement of efficiency 

2: Winter excursion is additionally useful for wellbeing and profitability. 

Highlight 1: Winter excursion also optimizes your wellbeing just as a summer get-away. 

Highlight 2: In comparison to summer excursion, the efficiency of one increase because of winter excursion. 

Examining the distinctions between the summer and winter excursions 

3: During summer, one can travel to a lot of new places and will be willing to spend more cash on tourist destinations. 

Highlight 1: Traveling 

Highlight 2: Spending cash 

4: Conversely, during winter, one can be less keen on going than in summer, and this makes the winter excursion to be less expensive than the summer one. 

Highlight 1: less voyaging 

Highlight 2: less spending 


Well, actually the decision of a favored kind of excursion relies upon your love for dynamic pastime and of course, on your income, as summer excursion is more costly, yet in winter, there are fewer choices for open-air activities. Thus, both summer and winter excursions will build one’s efficiency and improve wellbeing.

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