Whether you're a student working on your assignments or a scholar contributing to the realm of knowledge, understanding the particulars of the Harvard referencing style can make a significant difference in the credibility and impact of your work. In this guide, we'll walk you through the ins and outs of the Harvard referencing style, providing you with clear examples to master this essential aspect of scholarly writing. Consider asking for help to "write my paper" in case you are not familiar with the referencing style.
Origin- The origin of this referencing style is attributed to Edward Laurens Mark who was a professor of anatomy and renowned director at the zoological laboratory in Harvard University.
Academic honesty provides a greater emphasis on acknowledging and offering due recognition of works and ideas of others. Hence, in order to avoid plagiarism, it is significant to relate information for documentation purpose. False referencing also affect academic honesty where there exists no due recognition of works cited by any particular author.
Referencing- It can be denoted as comprehensive bibliographic description of something that one has gained information and knowledge from. References are cited within a sentence and then full acknowledgement of the source of reference is subsequently provided in order to acknowledge it. Whereas, bibliography is provided when any text is not referred to but acknowledged.
[Heading 1] is required to be bold and left aligned having a font size of 12 and font style ‘Times New Roman’. All words of this heading should be capitalized.
[Heading 2] follows the similar style as that of Heading 1.
[Heading 3] of this referencing style required to be left aligned and italic with a font size of 12 and font style of ‘Times New Roman’.
This list includes all the references that is cited in the assignment and requires to be alphabetically placed in a similar sequence. An annotated bibliography comprises of full reference of the sources along with summarized and additional notes depending on the assessed project. Certain considerations are required to be kept in mind while formulation of this list:
In-Text Reference Citation
The way of in-texting citation depends on a number of factors such as the sentence or paragraph, the style of writing and the sources to be referenced. The guideline provided below can assist in properly conducting references in any paper. There exists separate styles and guidelines in this referencing style:
In case of paraphrased part: McAllister (2015) states that…
In case of direct quotation: (McAllister, 2015)
Two or Three Authors:
In case of paraphrased part: Brebbia and Beriatos (2008) states that…
In case of direct quotation: (Brebbia and Beriatos, 2008)
Four or More Authors:
In case of paraphrased part: Heldman, et al., (2007) states that…
In case of direct quotation: (Heldman, et al., 2007)
Format of Reference List
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of the book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Brebbia, C.A. and Beriatos, Ē. eds., 2008. Risk analysis VI: simulation and hazard mitigation. England: WIT Press.
Author, Initials. Ed., Year. Title of the book. Edition. Place: Publisher.
Gotze, U., Northcott, D. and Schuster, P. eds., 2016. Investment appraisal. New York City: Springer.
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of newspaper article. Name of the newspaper, [online] additional date. Available at: <url> [Accessed Date Month Year].
Ikeh, El-shaddai, 2015. Guide to derivatives as risk management mechanisms. The Guardian,[online] 26 October. Available at: < https://guardian.ng/features/guide-to-derivatives-as-risk-management-mechanisms/ > [Accessed 5 January 2018].
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of Journal. Name of Journal, Issue (Volume), pp. From-To.
Katkov, A. 2012. Great Recession of 2008-2009: Causes and Consequences. The Journal of Applied Business and Economics, 13(3), pp. 107.
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of article. [online] Name of web page. Available at: <url> [Accessed Date Month Year].
Coy, P., 2016. Where the next crisis will come from. [online] Where the next crisis will come from. Available at: < https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-10-20/where-the-next-crisis-will-come-from > [Accessed 5 January 2018].
Surname of author(s), initial(s), Year. Title of article. [pdf] Available at: <url> [Accessed Date Month Year].
Dunkin’ Brands, 2015. 2015 annual report. [pdf] Available at: < http://investor.dunkinbrands.com/static-files/f0ae7609-aac4-4537-9664-2a6863052e3b > [Accessed 5 January 2018].
**Online articles having no author require to be cited by using the name of the web page**
Mastering the Harvard referencing style is not just a technical requirement rather it's a skill that enhances the credibility and impact of your academic work. By ensuring proper citations and references, you're not only giving credit to the original sources but also contributing to the academic conversation with integrity. Remember, just as you might consider options to buy essay online for expert assistance, understanding referencing styles is a foundational step toward producing well-researched and well-presented papers.