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Every organization, regardless of its nature and structure needs to operate with a workforce of capable employees, in order to achieve its intended goals. The people in this workforce are responsible for taking the right decisions about the marketing mix strategies and pursuing the long-term goals. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the organization to ensure that these people can function at an optimal level so that they can create more value. In this context, an organization needs to ensure that the people behave in a certain way which is beneficial for the organization as a whole and for all the stakeholders involves. This pursuit led to the development of a completely different branch of business management study, commonly termed as organizational behavior. In this article, we have discussed about what is organizational behavior, why it is important and some of the key theories and frameworks that you need to master for your college essay.

What is Meant by Organizational Behavior?

Organizational behavior can be defined as the study of the human behavior in organizational environment, the interface between organization and human behavior and the organization itself. Each of these areas plays equally crucial role in the study of organizational behavior. Since, organization influences human behavior and it is also influenced by the behavior of people, therefore it is essential to study the organization and its interaction with the people associated with it. It should be noted that individuals do not operate in isolation. They come in contact with other fellow employees, managers, organizational policies, regulations and customs. Over time, owing to their exposure to the organizational setting they build new experiences and shows maturity in their profession. Thus, the organization can have a strong impact on the behavior of the employees. Likewise, the employees can also have a prominent impact on the organization, as the performance and success of the organization is largely dependent on the how the employees are engaged to their job roles and their overall behavior in the organization.

The rise in competition in the global business environment has compelled organizations to strengthen its capacities, in order to create a strong foothold in the industry. Therefore, organizations are constantly looking for effective ways in which employees can work most efficiently and offer the highest possible value to the organization in a sustainable manner. Focusing on the area of organizational behavior allows the firms to learn about the nuances of employees’ behavior in the organization. It allows them to understand different scenarios which motivates them to work harder or demotivates them to become disengaged to their work. Thus, the application of the right organizational behavior frameworks and theories can help a company to perform well and can also allow it to create a strong competitive advantage. Now that we have covered a fundamental understanding of corporate governance, let us now dig deeper into its role within an organization for your essay help.

Managerial Roles in Organizational Behavior


The knowledge of organizational behavior is extremely important for managers to carry out their fundamental tasks. Every manager, irrespective of the functional division that they are responsible for need to be fully aware of how employees behave in a given organizational setting. This allows them to utilize their full potential for delivering value for the organization.The managers hold the responsibility of achieve the organizational goals, by utilizing the available resources and talents, and implementing the right strategies. The basic managerial functions in light of the organizational behavior can be categorized to four segments which are planning, organizing, leading andcontrolling.Let us look into each of these functions.

Planning: Planning refers to determining the desired future position of an organization and deciding on the best means of achieve that. Managers determine the company’s future by analyzing the environment, setting the right objectives and goals, underlining the strategies and executing them.

Organizing: Organizing refers to the process of designing and segregating jobs into manageable units and also determining patterns of authority between the units and the jobs. This involves creating the fundamental structure within the organization. For example, the organizational structure of Nike highlights how the company has segregated its business based on various factors such as market region, product line and distribution. It also determines the structure of hierarchy, highlighting the chain of command.

Leading: Leading or leadership refers to the process of getting the employees to work together to achieve the organizational goals. The managers have the responsibility to motivate and guide the employees so that they are more engaged in their job roles. Leading the organization also involves developing the right policies and regulations for the employees that can take care of their interests. All managers irrespective of where they work needs to have a fundamental understanding of leadership, in order to achieve organization goals.

Controlling: Controlling refers to the monitoring and correcting the actions. The managers need to ensure that the plans that have previously formulated are being properly implemented by the workforce. Moreover, it also checks the rate of progress, to make sure that every project is right on schedule. Controlling allows a manager to make the best out of the organizational talents.

Each of these functions in the organization are closely associated with organizational behavior. These functions allow a firm to ensure that it has created a proper human-organization interface which allows the employees to operate at their highest potential. It should be noted that the purpose of organizational behavior is to improve employee performance within an organization by focusing on their behavior and its impact on their job roles.

Scientific Management: Origin of Organizational Behavior

The formal study of organizational behavior can be dated back to the late 1800s. Scholars like Frederick Taylor and Lillian Gilbert were able to identify the positive effects of organizational factors such as goal setting, precise instructions, rewards, etc. on employee motivation and performance. These ideas were later popularized as scientific management and forms the foundation of organizational behavioral studies. Let us now look at the scientific management techniques to get a better understanding of organizational behavior for your assignment help.

  • The study of scientific management is based on the principle that employees’ productivity can be maximized when firms are rationalized with precise scientific methods. Some of the key principles of scientific management are as follows:
  • Instead of using thumb-rule work methods, organizations need to adopt methods with time-and-motion studies.
  • The potential talents should be selected, trained and developed to make them fit within the organizational setting, rather than leaving them to train themselves passively.
  • Proper planning and division of work among all the employees based on their skills and experience, can significantly improve organizational performance.

Organizational Behavior Theories

Organizational behavior is a massively wide area of study, which includes a lot of behavioral aspects of the people within an organization and their activities and job roles. In this article we have discussed some of the most prominent and commonly used organizational behavior theories to help you with your professional essay writing.

Leadership Theory

Leadership can be defined as the process by which a leader motivates the employees to work harder and voluntarily commit to shared organizational goals. Thus, it is the process of influencing the employees to perform better in their respective job roles. Different organizations, based on their structure and nature of business may choose different leadership styles to achieve their desired goals. Some of the most commonly studied leadership styles are: democratic leadership, autocratic leadership, laissez-faire leadership, transformational and transactional leadership. Each of these leadership styles take their own approach to influence the behavior and action of the employees to achieve organizational goals. However, it should be noted that the effectiveness of a particular leadership style is largely dependent on the nature of the organization and its ventures.

Emotional Intelligence

The emotional intelligence refers to the ability of an individual to monitor and understand one’s own and other’s emotions and being able to effectively control them. People with higher emotional intelligence are able to manage emotionally distressing situations with ease. They are also less likely to be suffer from burnouts and work-related stress. Emotional intelligence is a considered as an extremely important quality for leaders, as they are often required to manage people in teams with different emotional intelligence. Monitoring the emotional states of others and interacting with them accordingly can greatly help a leader to motivate the employees and guide them in their job roles.

Personality Types

Personality theories of organization behavior is based on the fact that different individual has different personality types, based on which each individual may react to the external stimuli differently. The personality of an individual largely determines that way in which they perceive their work environment, job roles, fellow colleagues and workplace regulations. Organizations, while selecting the right candidate for a job, often assess their personality type in order to ensure a proper job-fit. Individual personality of an employee can be analyzed based on various theoretical models and one of the most commonly used frameworks is the Big Five personality model. This model analyzes an individual’s personality based on five different parameters such as openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. Moreover, individual personalities are also assessed based on frameworks like Type A and Type B personalities.

Motivation Theory

Employee motivation refers to the degree of commitment and persistence an individual exhibits towards one’s job role. An employee who is highly motivated in their work is likely to show voluntary commitment towards organizational success. They are also likely to work harder, which is clearly reflected in the organizational performance. Organizations adopt various processes and approaches to improve the motivation levels of the employees, so that the overall performance of the organization can be improved. They often include, intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, relationship building, offering growth opportunities, recognition, responsibilities, etc. Moreover, the leadership style adopted by an organization also plays a crucial role in determining the motivation levels of the employees. Some of the most popular motivation theories are Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy, Herzberg’s Two factor theory, Expectancy theory and many others. Each of these theories highlight different ways in which individuals can be motivated towards their job roles.

Levels of Organizational Behavior

Organizational behavior can be segregated into three different levels, such as:

Individual level: Deals with concepts like personality, perception, motivation, learning, etc.

Group level: Deals with concepts like leadership, conflict management, team building, etc.

Organizational level: Deals with concepts like organizational culture and structure.

Let's Sum it Up

Before you start searching for online essays, let us look at what we have learnt from this article. Organizational behavior is a wide spectrum business management studies, which deals with how people behave in an organizational setting and its implication for the employees and the organization as whole. Organizational behavior allows the managers to become more effective at meet organizational goals and objectives. Through planning, organizing, leading and controlling, managers are able to utilize the available resources to achieve desired goals. Organizational behavior stems from scientific management approach, which is focused on empirical studiesand precise scientific methods. This field of study has various sub-sections with respective frameworks and theories. Some of the key sections are leadership, emotional intelligence, motivation, personality, etc.

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