There are various types of decision which are taken by the managers of Tesco Plc before the process of recruitment, which includes initially thinking about candidates from inside the division. Then they decide to consider the applicants from the University or college who shows their concern in the job. If the positions still remains unfilled then they consider selecting candidate from various sources beyond the University. Other decisions include job analysis, job depiction, and the selection criteria decided by the company.
There are various recruitment approaches which are adopted by the companies as a part of their recruitment exercise. The two types of approaches are rational and processual approach of employment. Rational approaches are based on the grounds of selecting the most appropriate candidate in relation to their current and potential competencies. It identifies the abilities required to carry out a job in a proper way than just focusing on the personal characteristics. Processual approach involves several processes such as preparing job description, making advertisement of the vacancy, managing responses, arranging and conducting interviews, and making final decisions before selecting the candidate. It has been found that the rational approaches provides the organisations to customise their recruitment and selection processes in accordance with their individual requirements, processual approaches are more commonly used because of an all engulfing system that includes the basic framework and aims of the organisation for designing their recruitment and selection processes.
Tesco Plc’s approaches to employment include in-house employment and advertising through their own website. The in-house process of recruitment comprise of employee referral and internal recruiter. The company advertises the position internally i.e. on its intranet (Rowley, 2005).
There are three types of recruitment methods which includes external, internal and alternative ways of recruiting. The internal methods of employment include employee referrals, job posting, internal recruiter, promoting and allowing transfer, and union by means of assigning. The external recruitment comprises of advertising, e-recruitment, employment agencies, walk-ins, and college recruits. The alternative ways of employment incorporate leasing employees, outsourcing, part time staffs, working overtime, and temporally workers.
Tesco Plc’s internal recruitment method comprise of employee referrals and internal recruiter. Its external recruitment method includes E-recruitment, advertising vacancies on its own website and by way of vacancy/post boards in the stores. Applications are completed online for the managerial post. It initially looks for the internal recruiters to fill the post. It signifies employing the existing employee who desire a move at same rank or expecting a promotion. If the managers do not find any capable existing employee, they employ the method of E-recruitment to advertise the post in its own intranet.
The selection methods of Tesco Plc involve three main processes i.e. screening, assessment centre, and conducting interviews.
Screening: In this process, the managers of Tesco Plc view carefully at each candidate’s curriculum vitae, which help them to analyse whether the applicant’s skill matches with the job specification or not.
Assessment centre: The applicant who passes the screening get a chance to attend the assessment centre. At the assessment centre, they are given analytical exercises and activities related to team-working.
Conducting interview: Candidates who are approved by the centres of internal assessment have to face the interview.
The process of selection assists to make decisions about whom to select for the job. Decisions are made by the managers of HR department by taking into consideration the skills and proficiency of the candidate to handle the job.