How to Cite In APA Essay Format: Learn From Sample References
Generic essay format says, there are just three arbitrary segments viz. introduction, body, and conclusion. But, you may not know that referencing and citing sources are one integral segment of any essay. In most instances, universities are found asking for APA formatting. Hence, it’s essential to get conversant with the citation rules, from the American Psychological Association to prepare a good quality draft. And, you are at the right place to be in, as this blog serves the platter of rubrics, illustrating every practical detail.
Types of citation in APA essay format
Crediting sources does not mean listing the names at the end. There are variations in styles and types, definitions and outlines, etc. Particularly, APA essay format highlights three different means of quoting a source. Here are they –
|In-text citation||This referencing style comes into action when the author’s name is mentioned in your paraphrased text.|
|Parenthetical citation||If the original creators’ name is NOT mentioned in the paraphrased line/passage, parenthetical citation is used.|
|References||It comes at the end where rest of all the sources, having significant or insignificant contribution in your essay, are listed in a definite order.|
Considerable tips on APA referencing
American Psychological Association coheres quite a number of protocols with APA referencing, and violation of any will badly reflect in your essay grades. Before you begin to create the “Reference” section in your essay, take a close look at these significant tips.
- In APA format, the bibliography section is titled as “References”
- Your references should begin from a new page
- Align the title of the page at the top-center
- There should be a 1-inch margin on all sides of the paper
- Don’t forget to insert the running title and the page count
- Each source must be arranged in an alphabetical order
- Set the font name as “Times New Roman” and the font size “12”
- Maintain double-spacing in between lines and keep the letters un-bold
How to credit various sources in your “APA Reference”?
Citation styles differ with the sources i.e. the way you will credit a book is not identical to a journal or online mag. For your easy understanding, here are some APA citation examples that will clear the concept a little further.
|Printed Books||Last name of author, F. M. (Publish year). Book Title. Publisher Cite, State: Publisher name.|
|Chapter in Print Books||Author’s last name, F. M. (Publish Year). Chapter Title. Initial of F. M. Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xxx). Publisher City, State: Publisher.|
|E-Books||Last name, In F. M. (Publication Year). Title of work [E-reader version]. Retrieved from URL|
|Chapter in E-Books||Last name, In F. M. (Publish Year). Chapter Title. In of F. M. Editor (Ed.), Book Title [E-reader version] (pp. xx-xxx). Hhttp://abcc.efg.org/xxx or Retrieved from URL|
|Journals of Online Database||Last name, F. M. (Year of Publication). Title of Article. Journal Title, Volume number(Issue number), pp.-pp. homepage URL|
|Imprinted Journals||Last name, In F. M. (publication year). Article Title. Title of the Journal, Volume number(Issue number), pages.|
|Online Magazines||Last name, In F. M. (publication year, month). Article Title. Magazine Name, Volume number(Issue number), Retrieved from homepage URL or DOI no.|
|Hardcopy Magazines||Last name, In F. M. (publication year, month). Article Title. Magazine Name, Volume number(Issue number), page range.|
|Blogs||Last name, F.M. (publish year, month, day). Blog Title [Blog post]. Retrieved from website URL|
|Websites (having authors)||Last name of author, In. F.M. (publish year, month day). Website name [Format]. Retrieved from URL|
|Websites (without authors)||Title of the webpage [Format]. (year of publication, month day) Retrieved from webpage URL|
How to perform parenthetical and in-text citation?
Many times, student quotes from other’s work in their essays to justify an explanation or to maintain the collateral relation between the two creations. Taking a close look at the veritable APA formatted paper, you will understand this fact.
However, whatever be the reason, it’s important to credit the source and these citations are done within the body, not in the “Reference” section. Between the last word of the paraphrased text and the period, cite the source. Take a look at the samples to understand how to do the said –
In-text citation (where the author’s name is already mentioned)
- Paraphrased text (year of publication).
Parenthetical citation (where the author’s name is NOT mentioned)
- Paraphrased text (Last name of the author, year of publication).
- If there are two authors: Paraphrased text (Author 1 & Author 2, year of publication).
- If there are three or more authors: Paraphrased text (Author 1 et al. year of publication)
With this ends the APA citation rules. Try to abide by these guidelines while preparing your draft. It will ensure shining grades with a lot of appreciation.
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