ATTITUDE AND JOB SATISFACTION AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION

The report attempts to evaluate a range of literature in order to determine the factors that influence employees’ attitude and job satisfaction and how these two factors can impact on an employee’s motivation. Taking into consideration several academic models and theoretical propositions, the paper would conclude on possible ways of influencing employee attitudes and job satisfaction positively.
1.0 Introduction
In contemporary business environment, employees are considered to the most valuable asset for an organisation. Employees’ attitudes towards work and job satisfaction are considered to be crucial in determining the effectiveness of the workforce performance. Therefore, the report attempts to evaluate a range of literature in order to determine the factors that influence employees’ attitude and job satisfaction and how these two factors can impact on an employee’s motivation. Taking into consideration several academic models and theoretical propositions, the paper would conclude on possible ways of influencing employee attitudes and job satisfaction positively.
2.0 Employee attitudes and job satisfaction
Christian, Garza and Slaughter (2011) once mentioned that happy employees can be more productive for an organisation. There are some evidences in the several contemporary business sectors across the world that can validate the statement. Organisations nowadays are emphasising more on the HR policies in order make sure there is high employee morale in the workforce and the productivity is as per the board’s expectations. However, ensuring high employee morale might not be an easy task for the HR department as different employees are influenced by different factors. Several scholars have claimed that regardless of the nature of the work process, employee morale is influenced by the attitude and job satisfaction (Aydogdu and Asikgil, 2011).
2.1 Factors influencing employee attitude
Employee attitude is generally comprised of three components such as cognitive components, affective component and behavioural component. The cognitive component is concerned with the self belief of the employees. The affective component suggests the emotional state of the employees and the behavioural component reflects an employee’s intention to react in a specific way (Erdogan et al., 2012). These components are considered to be interrelated with each other and any alterations within these components are likely to impact on the attitude of the employees. Exhibit 1 in appendix reflects how cognitive, affective and behavioural components promote a negative attitude of the employees towards the immediate supervisor (refer to appendix).
The components as discussed above, determines how an employee would react in the work place. However, there can be several influencing factors that could also impact on employee attitudes. These are,
Dispositional influences
According to some of the scholars, a person’s disposition often determines job satisfaction. Kabir and Parvin (2011) found that for the majority of the employees, job stability has been achieved only after several years of working in an organisation. In another study, Grant (2012) discussed that one of the major reasons for job satisfaction is the employee’s perception of the job. If an employee is appointed for a job within the preferred domain, positive attitude can be expected, whereas an employee working out of the comfort zone can develop a negative attitude towards the work. In addition to that there are also evidences on the influence of several personality traits that determine an employee’s attitude. Among these, precision and extraversion are assumed to be two major factors that determine how an employee is going to react towards the allocated job roles (Aziri, 2011).


ATTITUDE AND JOB SATISFACTION AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION

Type: Report
Domain: Employee Motivation
Words: 2750
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